In united states, an estimated 20 million women and 10 million men will have an eating disorder at some point in their lives. An eating disorder is a serious mental or physical illness that can be fatal., They severely affect a person’s eating habits to the point of physical or mental impaired and are commonly associated with obsessions with food, weight, or body shape. The most well known and studied eating disorders are anorexia and bulimia, though there are many others.
Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate eating disorder, as it is associated with extremely low body weight, due to food restriction, compulsive exercise, or purging. Those suffering from bulimia service, on the other hand, maintain a relatively healthy weight due to recurrent episodes of binge-eating, followed by compensation through purging, laxatives, fasting or excessive exercise.
The most common eating disorder, affecting nearly 8 million Americans, is a binge-eating disorder. It involves recurrent episodes of binging during which, individuals often feel like they have no control.because of this, those who suffer from the binge-eating disorder are often overweight or obese.
Studies have found that eating disorders are more common in individuals with diabetes. For instance, adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes develop these disorders twice as often as their non- diabetic peers. And adolescent boys with diabetes were twice as likely to report a higher dissatisfaction with their body and were more likely to purge or diet than boys without a chronic illness. Individuals with type one diabetes have also been found to control their weight by limiting their insulin, as insulin treatment can lead to a higher body mass. However, this practice is extremely dangerous and can increase their risk of death more than 3-fold.
While eating disorder can affect each person differently, and also depend on the specific type of eating disorder they have, they share some common symptoms, like withdrawal from friends and activities, mood swings, menstrual irregularities, and difficulty concentrating. These disorders affect all genders, age groups, ethnicities, and socioeconomic groups and are associated with a wide range of risk factors, from genetics to psychological, to social issues such as bullying and isolation.
Treatment for these disorder varies depending on the specific eating disorder present. For bulimia, studies have found that modifying the patient’s behavior and thoughts through cognitive-behavior therapy can be effective, as can antidepressants. While recent studies, published in 2018, found that a combination of physical exercise and dietary therapy is an effective method for curbing compulsive professionals in those with either bulimia or binge-eating disorder. Whatever the treatment, it is important to understand that eating disorder is simply coping skills for other life issues.
Figuring out what those issues are and working through them is key to recovery. Anorexia, on the other hand, requires more intervention., Because of the severe effects it has on the body, weight restoration through medical professionals is essential. In addition, specialized psychotherapy sessions are needed to shake their strong perception of weight and body image. Overcoming any type of eating disorder is anything but easy, especially alone. That is why the University of North Caroline at Chapel Hills is leading a new clinical study to test the effectiveness of a couple-based intervention in which patients are paired up during treatment to act as a supportive community.
As we wait for the result, there are lots of ways to find support right now-from family, to friends, to helplines and online forums, to even in-person support groups.,